Tuesday, May 3, 2011

Trieu dynasty: the second dynasty of Vietnam

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Nam-Viet 200bc.jpg
Nam Việt (Chinese: 南越; pinyin: Nányuè)
FounderTriệu Đà (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhào Tuó)
Founding207 BC
Dissolution111 BC
The Triệu Dynasty (Vietnamese: Nhà Triệu; Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhào cháo) ruled the kingdom of Nam Việt (also called Nányuè or "South Yuè"), which consisted of parts of southern China as well as northern Vietnam. It's capital was Pānyú, modern Guǎngzhōu. Triệu Đà, the founder of the dynasty, was a military governor for the Qín Empire who asserted his independence in 207 BC when the Qín collapsed. The ruling elite included both ethnic Chinese and native Yuè, with intermarriage and assimilation encouraged.[1] Triệu Đà conquered the Âu Lạc of the northern Vietnam and led a coalition of Yuè states in a war against the Hàn Empire. Subsequent rulers were less successful in asserting their independence and the Hàn conquered the kingdom in 111 BC.

In Vietnamese historiography, this dynasty was a government of the Vietnamese nation and its end marks the beginning of the First Chinese Domination (111 BC–39 AD). However, Chinese-oriented historians tend to regard the Triệu as a Chinese dynasty and thus consider this a period of Chinese rule over Vietnam. The name "Vietnam" is adapted from "Nam Việt".

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